Juniper Research spoke to Christine Caviglioli, SVP Automotive and Mobility Services, Gemalto, a 5GAA member, in April 2017
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The 5GAA (5G Automotive Association) is an association of industry leading stakeholders, collaborating on the rollouts of 5G-enabled automotive technologies.
Automotive OEMs joining this global initiative include Audi, BAIC, BMW, Daimler, Ford,Jaguar Land Rover and SAIC. Network vendors include Ericsson, Huawei, Infineon, Nokia and ZTE, besides network operators like AT&T, CMCC, Deutsche Telekom, NTT DOCOMO, Telefonica, Verizon and Vodafone, as well as chipset and device manufacturers including Intel, Qualcomm and Samsung.
The objective of the collaboration is to firstly define the future use cases of 5G networks in the automotive industry, including rental vehicles, car sharing networks, electric vehicles, automated driving and autonomous vehicles. Juniper anticipates that the 5GAA will be central to the development of 5G connected vehicles services, being deeply involved in the roadmapping and strategy of cellular V2X services, by influencing standardisation, regulatory and industry bodies in spectrum allocation and certification.
The initiative also aims to promote joint innovation and development projects leading to interoperability testing, large scale pilots and trial deployments.
The 5GAA’s mission statement is as follows:
- Define and harmonize use cases, business and go-to-market models for automotive and intelligent mobility applications, including rental cars, car sharing and electric vehicles
- Elaborate technology selection and roadmap evolution strategy including spectrum allocation requirements
- Influence standardization and regulatory bodies, certification and approval processes required for the deployment of future connected mobility solutions
- Address V2X connectivity and communication challenges, including wireless and cellular access networks, security, privacy, authentication, distributed cloud architectures, technology platforms, protocols and data formats required for reliable communication and access to cloud content
- Run joint innovation and development projects leading to interoperability testing, large scale pilots and trial deployments
a) 5G for Automotive OEMs
The 5GAA aims to help operators gain the safety, mobility and convenience that these services are to deliver for road users. The 5GAA realises the economic benefits that cellular V2X will bring. Additionally, it is promoting general reuse of application protocols standardised by IEEE, SAE, ETSI and ISO.
b) 5G Automotive for Network Operators
Whilst network operators will be involved in other IoT segments, connected car services are forecast to be one of the earliest industries to adopt 5G services and subsequently develop a large user base. Operators will provide the connectivity for both consumer-focused in-vehicle services (infotainment) and safety functions (V2X) leveraging existing networks, such as LTE and future 5G networks.
The 5GAA is also focusing on the future of autonomous vehicles. Juniper anticipates that V2X services will be critical to the functionality of autonomous vehicles in the future, this early industry collaboration will accelerate the future development of these markets.
c) 5G Automotive for Network Vendors
The 5GAA is currently working with network vendors to promote collaboration on industry standards for V2X services. After speaking to vendors in the 5GAA, Juniper was alerted to the impact 5G network slicing will have on the development of these systems. With a wide array of new IoT services expected to enabled by 5G networks, it is important to note that these will require different aspect of 5G technologies. In this instance direct, low latency will be the key requisite to enabling cellular V2X.
d) The Future of the 5GAA
The 5GAA will continue to be instrumental in promoting cellular V2X services, offering improved performance over 802.11p-based standards. The organisation will continue to highlight the benefits of cellular V2X services right through until the release of autonomous vehicles.
Whilst technology has been increasingly included in new vehicles over the past 20 years, the majority of key announcements has focused on consumer-focused products. However, the large increase in capacity that 5G networks will bring is certain to shift automotive OEM focus onto increasing safety and efficiency for road transport.
The Association highlights the need for all ecosystems, including governmental bodies, to consider the features of these services when allocating spectrum. The initial cellular needs are clear; there must be sufficient spectrum available for complete interoperability and technology migration. Governmental bodies should take an impartial view on the benefits of cellular V2X.
The early collaboration between multiple stakeholders in the market is a promising sign that this IoT segment is not only ready to fully embrace 5G technology, but is actively seeking to hasten its standardisation and implementation. Whilst there is industry activity across multiple spectrum, there is not the same level of collaboration as there is in the automotive industry.
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